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China launches last BeiDou satellite, entering world powers of navigation system

By Eric Van Rees - 29th June 2020 - 07:00

China launched the last satellite of the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in southwest China's Sichuan Province at 9:43 a.m. BJT (0143 GMT) on Tuesday.

The satellite, carried by a Long March-3B carrier rocket, is the 30th BDS-3 satellite and the 55th of the whole BeiDou satellite family.

The launch marked the completion of the country's domestically developed BeiDou constellation, one of four global navigation networks alongside with the United States' GPS, Russia's GLONASS and the European Union's Galileo.

When fully completed, the system will offer its users services including high-precision positioning and short message communication, which "will bring new highlights to global navigation satellite systems," according to Ran Chengqi, director of the China Satellite Navigation Office.

Weighing over 10,000 pounds, the final BDS satellite is the largest of its kind in the family, and is filled with propellants for maneuvers in orbit, said Liu Tianxiong, deputy chief designer of the BeiDou 3 satellite at China Academy of Space Technology.

"The reason we launched this one in the final stage is to round out the navigation network," Liu added. Featuring radio-navigation, radio-determination, and enhanced timing synchronization functions, the last satellite, after joining BDS-3 family, will allow the constellation to provide more cost-effective navigation services.

Based on the DFH-3B satellite platform, one of the largest platforms in service in China, the spacecraft it is designed to work in orbit for at least 12 years.

The latest launch came 26 years after construction of the BeiDou-1 officially started in 1994. The first generation of the BeiDou system made China the third country after the U.S. and Russia to have a satellite navigation system.

Read More: Satellite Positioning, Navigation & Timing (PNT) Aerospace

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