25th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society GeoMultimedia 2020
Currently different trends can be seen in urban development around the globe, but there are some common things:
- historic administrative boundaries do not represent real urban structures any more, cities expand beyond these boundaries and form metropolitan regions, which may even result in transnational functional urban areas and agglomerations;
- in almost all cases it is of utmost importance to coordinate urban development between several governments, administrative authorities and institutions on different levels, but this task turns out to be a quite difficult one;
- cities and regions are hungry for resources and see themselves opposed to density and environmental problems as well as other threats, nevertheless sustainability, resilience, high quality of life and considerate exploitation of natural resources are central goals of urban development;
- new technologies and digitisation play an essential role in the development of cities, urban regions and metropolises – without appropriate urban, environmental and mobility technologies it would hardly be possible to see urban development, maintenance of functionality and creation of livable urban areas.
While cities in Asia, particularly in China and India, but also in Japan and South-East Asia, and in parts of South America, Africa and the Gulf region currently grow and will further grow in a fast and unstoppable way for some time, and while further megacities, urban agglomerations and metropolises far beyond 10 million inhabitants arise, also many European, North American and Australian cities are growing – but far more slowly than in the regions mentioned above; nevertheless even here a strong dynamic urban development towards city regions can be observed.